Telephone numbers in Russia
Telephone numbers in Russia are under a unified numbering plan with Kazakhstan, both of which share the international code +7. Historically, +7 was used as the Soviet calling code, and was universal throughout the Soviet Union. Following the Soviet break-up, all of its former republics, save for Russia and Kazakhstan, switched to new country codes.
On 28 September 2009 Abkhazia received new country codes in zone 7: +7-840 for landline and +7-940 for mobile operators. However, the Georgia code +995-44 is also in use until further notice.
Russia uses a four-level (local, zone, country, international) open dialing plan. Local telecommunications regulators had planned to abandon this system and change to a closed dialing plan at all levels by 2009, but postponed the changeover until 2010. Currently, all national subscriber numbers consist of 10 digits (excluding any prefixes), with 3 digits for an area code and a 7-digit individual number which includes a zone code.
[+] Long Distance and International Prefixes
The international dialing prefix in Russia is "8~10" - callers dial '8', wait for a tone, and then dial '10', followed by the country code, area code, and number. The long distance prefix is "8~". There are plans to change those prefixes to '0' for national and '00' for international dialing, but they are not yet implemented.
[+] Placing Long Distance and International Calls
When making long distance or international calls, a subscriber may choose either of two providers: Pre-Select or Hot-Choice. If a subscriber prefers Pre-Select, he calls a prescribed free number (8-800-333-0990 for MTT or 8-800-100-2525 RT) and signs up initially for service. He may also sign a statement at the phone company indicating his choice of provider. With this provider, the prefixes and dialing procedures for non-local calls are the ones currently in use. The default regulation in Moscow is Hot-Choice (not available yet on all exchanges; regional operators apply their own regulation depending on availability). Available operators are:
The dialing pattern for Hot-Choice subscribers is different. After dialing "8", the subscriber waits for a tone and then dials the operator code (OC) either for a long distance call or an international call.
||Long distance call code
||International call code
[+] Dialing pattern
Note: the tone signal after dialing '8' is compulsory on old analog (with pulse mode dialing) exchanges and optional on digital (tone mode dialing) exchanges.
[+] Calls within settlements
xxx-xx-xx (exception: Moscow - see below)
Local phone numbers in Russia may be made up of 5 (x-xx-xx), 6 (xx-xx-xx) or 7 (xxx-xx-xx) digits.
Moscow City has 2 area codes assigned: 495 and 499. Dialing pattern for 2 codes is different:
when calling within the area code 499: 499.xxx-xx-xx
when calling from 495 to 499: 8.499.xxx-xx-xx
when calling from 499 to 495: 8.495.xxx-xx-xx
when calling within the area code 495: xxx-xx-xx
Notwithstanding the length of the numbers dialed, calls between these two codes are local calls and are not charged at long distance rates (even though one uses the long-distance prefix '8').
[+] Calls within Russia
8-tone-ABC xxx-xx-xx (where ABC is the area code)
e.g. 8.812.234-56-78 (to St. Petersburg)
Hot-Choice Operator selection:
8-tone-OC ABC xxx-xx-xx (where OC is the Operator Code and ABC is the area code)
e.g. 8.53.812.234-56-78 (to St. Petersburg via MTT)
[+] International calls from Russia
8-tone-10 International number
e.g. 8.10.44 20 3456-6789 (to London/UK)
Hot-Choice Operator selection:
8-tone-OC International number where OC is the Operator Code
e.g. 8.58.44 20 3456-6789 (to London/UK via MTT)
[+] Calls from outside Russia
+7 ABC xxx-xx-xx (where ABC is the area code)
[+] Area codes
|First digit of code
||Not used (long distance and international prefix)
||Not used (for special services)
||Reserved (for common usage with Kazakhstan)
||Used for numbers in Kazakhstan.
||Used for numbers in Kazakhstan.
||Geographic codes, Toll-Free, and Pay-Line (for common usage with Kazakhstan and Abkhazia)
||Mobile, GSM, & Pay-Line (code 940 is for Abkhazia mobiles)
[+] List of area codes in Russia
The dialing code 495 was introduced on 1 December 2005 to replace 095, in order to make it possible to adopt the ITU convention of 0 and 00 dialing prefixes for local and international dialing respectively. The old '095' dialing code, along with 19 other Russian area codes starting with '0', expired on 31 January 2006. 
[+] Toll-Free & Pay-Line Codes
||AAB – Automatic alternative billing
||CCC – Credit card calling
||VOT – Televoting
||UAN - Universal access number
||PCC – Prepaid card calling
||ACC – Account card calling
||VPN - Virtual private network
||UPT – Universal personal Telecommunication
||PRM- Premium rate
||Data transfer services
[+] Special numbers (emergencies)
||Directory assistance, Rostelecom
||Directory assistance (free, limited info)
||Directory assistance (pay service, 35 rub./min.) in Moscow
||Talking clock in Moscow
The telecommunications infrastructure in Russia is being reformed and modernized; this project is expected to be finished in 2012. Prior to completion, all cities and settlements in the Russian Federation will have a modern landline-telephone infrastructure. Use of '0' and '00' as the long-distance call and international call prefixes will become standard (this was scheduled for 2008, but authorities are first introducing the soon-to-be-universal emergency '112' number and cancelling special numbers starting with '0'). Domestic regulators plan to have this scheme in place by early 2012. Their intent is to increase the number of regions connected to 112 year by year: 2 in 2007, 6 in 2008, 24 in 2009, 44 in 2010, etc). These changes are aimed at bringing local regulations into compliance with ITU and EU recommendations.
- ^ "Abkhazia remains available by Georgian phone codes". today.az. 2010-01-06. http://www.today.az/print/news/georgia/58953.html. Retrieved 2010-01-20.
- ^ К 2010 г. Россия дойдет до нулей
- ^ Russian numbering plan (in Russian), approved on 17 November 2006
- ^ http://lenta.ru/news/2005/12/01/codes/
[+] See also
How to find people in Russia?
Use this list of telephones services to search phone numbers in Russia. -
Where to search mobile phone numbers in Russia? -
Use the list of mobile services to locate the phone operator and special dial codes for each Russia.
Where to find the area codes for the cities in Russia?
The directory includes a list of City Dial Codes for Russia.
Use the Russia list on the menu to find more telephone information for the cities in Russia.
Where to find white pages in Russia?
Use the white pages section to find free information about phone numbers, address, names and other information very helpful to locate people.
Where to search yellow pages in Russia?
The list of yellow pages in Russia can be used to find
more information to locate for business and other professional services
Phone Numbers, Address and more.
.: You can use this list with telephone numbers search services to find phone information about people or business.